King Abdullah with Russian President Vladimir Putin on 11 February 2007. In the war with Israel in May 1948, his armies occupied the region of Palestine due west of the Jordan River, which came to be called the West Bank, and captured east Jerusalem, including the Old City. She died when Abdullah was six. Saudi Arabia has supported global efforts to develop a coronavirus vaccine and will be “one of the first” to procure a future vaccine, said Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Rabeeah, the supervisor general of the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSRelief). In turn, Obama hosted King Abdullah at the White House in the same month. The historic conference finally took place in Madrid in July 2008 where religious leaders of different faiths participated, and later led to the 2010 proclamation of World Interfaith Harmony Week. The session was chaired by Ezz Eddin Ibrahim, cultural adviser to the president of the United Arab Emirates. 0 (0 out of 5) Rate this . The decision ended speculation that the entire Saudi team might have been disqualified on grounds of gender discrimination. 2003) Jawahir bint Ali Hussein Aida Fustuq (divorced) Munira Al Otaishan Munira bint Abdullah Al Al Shaykh Tathi bint Mishan al Faisal al When King Fahd was incapacitated by a major stroke in 1995, Crown Prince Abdullah acted as de facto regent of Saudi Arabia. After King Fahd suffered a serious stroke in 1995, Abdullah became the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia until ascending the throne a decade later. King Abdullah followed his father's (King Abdulaziz's) path in terms of marriage in that he married the daughters of the al Shalan of Anizah, al Fayz of Bani Sakhr, and al Jarbah of the Iraqi branch of the Shammar tribe. Abdullah, the second son of Hussein ibn Ali , the ruler of the Hejaz , was educated in Istanbul in what was then the Ottoman Empire . Hafez Assad.ogv 6 min 35 s, 640 × 480; 95.22 MB. King Abdullah had about 30 wives, and fathered about 35 children. During the same month, King Abdullah transferred his duties as Commander of the Saudi National Guard to his son Prince Mutaib. He was the only Arab ruler prepared to accept the United Nations’ partitioning of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states (1947). In the same month, Saudi Arabia and Spain agreed to hold the interfaith dialogue in Spain. He told General Jones that Iranian internal turmoil presented an opportunity to weaken the regime—which he encouraged—but he also urged that this be done covertly and stressed that public statements in support of the reformers were counterproductive. He also served as deputy defense minister and was … That annexation angered his former Arab allies, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt, all of which wanted to see the creation of a Palestinian Arab state on the West Bank. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). King Abdullah was a falconer in his youth. Bilateral trade with China has more than tripled, and China would soon be Saudi Arabia's largest importer. Abdullah acted as regent for his brother for nine years. King Abdullah asserted that Iran is trying to set up Hezbollah-like organizations in African countries, observing that the Iranians don't think they are doing anything wrong and don't recognize their mistakes. Spouse : Alanoud Al Fayez (m. 1972; div. According various reports, Abdullah married about 30 times, and had more than 35 children. Research. In June 2009, King Abdullah hosted President Obama in Saudi Arabia. She died when he was six years old. Abdullah was born on 1 August 1924 in Riyadh. I only hope that, with your cooperation and leadership, a new world will emerge out of the rubble of the World Trade Center: a world that is blessed by the virtues of freedom, peace, prosperity and harmony. His control of the National Guard also was a key factor in his success in becoming crown prince. His challenges were many. "No, Arabs", countered the King. He was also the custodian of Two Holy Mosques during his reign and served as the Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers and Commander of the National Guard. Applications are now open for the International KAUST Internship in Saudi Arabia 2020. Work on the power grid project has started in some Arab countries. He showed great support for Obama's presidency. His mother, Fahda bint Asi Al Shuraim, was a member of the Al Rashid dynasty, longtime rivals of the Al Saud dynasty. Abdullah of Saudi Arabia was born on the 1 August 1924 in Riyadh. He said the Iranians "launch missiles with the hope of putting fear in people and the world". Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: عبدالله بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود, ‘Abd Allāh ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd, Najdi Arabic pronunciation: [ʢæbˈdɑɫ.ɫɐ ben ˈʢæbdæl ʢæˈziːz ʔæːl sæˈʢuːd]; 1 August 1924 – 23 January 2015) was the King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques from 2005 to 2015. And, in 1962, he was appointed commander of the Saudi Arabian National Guard, a post he was still holding when he became king. Upon Abdullah’s death in 2015, his half-brother Salman was appointed king. King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia was born on August 1, 1924 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia as Abdullah Ibn Abdulaziz al-Saud. He is the first Saudi monarch to visit the Pope. He also maintained his position as head of the National Guard. King Abdullah had appointed Humain in 2009 to head the "mutaween," which ensures the strict application of the country's ultra-conservative version of Islam, as a step towards reforming it. King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (Arabic: جامعة الملك عبد الله للعلوم و التقنية jāmiʿat al-malik ʿabd al-Lāh li-l-ʿulūm wa-t-teqniyya) is a private research university located in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.Founded in 2009, the university provides research and graduate training programs in English as the official language of instruction. "You as Persians have no business meddling in Arab matters". Our nation today is passing through a critical, historic stage, and history will be witness against those who have been the tool exploited by the enemies to disperse and tear the nation and tarnish the pure image of Islam". In December 2010, leaked diplomatic cables published by WikiLeaks revealed that King Abdullah wanted all detainees released from the Guantanamo Bay detention camp to be tracked through an implanted microchip, in a similar way to race horses. The Saudi government is also encouraging the development of non-hydrocarbon sectors in which the Kingdom has a comparative advantage, including mining, solar energy, and religious tourism. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... King Abdullah I of Jordan (left) with his younger son, Nayef. He was the leading gift-giver to the U.S. president and his office in his first two years in office, his gifts totaling more than $300,000. “No doubt, you all know we are targeted in our security and stability.”. Upon Faisal’s ascent to the throne, Abdullah occupied Transjordan and threatened to attack Syria. Then-crown prince Prince Fahd together with his full-brothers known as Sudairi Seven supported the appointment of their own full brother, Prince Sultan. According to leaked cables, King Abdullah was more receptive than Crown Prince Sultan to former Yemeni President Saleh. Abdullah then named the 76-year-old defense minister, Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, as crown prince. Send an email to admin. In December 2011, King Abdullah called on leaders of the Gulf Cooperation Council to strengthen their alliance into a united "single entity" as they confront threats to national security. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Abdullah held important political posts throughout most of his adult life. Tathi bint Mishan al Faisal Al Jarba gave birth to Prince Mishaal. They divorced later. Apply to KAUST Discover KAUST. In 1824 Imam Turki bin Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Saud however succeeded in this and established the second Saudi state and its capital Riyahd. He also stated that women would become eligible to take part in the unelected shura. The title of Crown Prince then passed to Prince Sultan's full-brother, Nayef, until his death in Geneva, Switzerland, on 16 June 2012, while undergoing medical tests for an undisclosed ailment. He also served as deputy defense minister and was named crown prince when Fahd took the throne in 1982. Abdullah, the second son of Hussein ibn Ali, the ruler of the Hejaz, was educated in Istanbul in what was then the Ottoman Empire. The diplomatic relationship Jacques Chirac had with Saudi Arabia was not evident with Sarkozy. Fayṣal set up an…. There are more than 22,000 Saudi students studying in the United States, exceeding pre-9/11 levels. He is also promoting economic diversification. King Abdullah's administration has realized various reforms in different fields. In 1915–16 he played a leading role in clandestine negotiations between the British in Egypt and his father that led to the proclamation (June 10, 1916) of the Arab Revolt against the Ottomans. Based on a WikiLeaks cable, the King told the Chinese that it was willing to effectively trade a guaranteed oil supply in return for Chinese pressure on Iran not to develop nuclear weapons. However, according to federal law, gifts of such nature and value are accepted "on behalf of the United States" and are considered property of the U.S. government. In 1946 Transjordan became independent, and Abdullah was crowned in Amman on May 25, 1946. They met in Damascus on 7 October 2009. There is almost no public tradition of women participating in sport in the country. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. But Abdullah had already been the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia for a decade, since Fahd was incapacitated by a stroke. Related Business . He ascended to the throne on 1 August 2005 upon the death of his half-brother, King Fahd. In 1961 he became mayor of Mecca, his first public office. Public health engagement included breast cancer awareness and CDC cooperation to set up an advanced epidemic screening network that protected this year's 3 million Hajj pilgrims. Most of this criticism stems from the fact that most of Saudi citizens live under a strict Wahhabist interpretation of Sharia law, which mandates the amputation of hands as a punishment for theft and floggings for crimes like drunkenness. During World War II (1939–45), he actively sided with the United Kingdom, and his army, the Arab Legion—the most effective military force in the Arab world—took part in the British occupation of Syria and Iraq in 1941. He has re-shuffled the Ministry of Education's leadership in February 2009 by bringing in his pro-reform son-in-law, Faisal bin Abdullah, as the new minister. He had younger full-sisters. In light of the Arab Spring, Abdullah laid down a $37-billion programme of new spending including new jobless benefits, education and housing subsidies, debt write-offs, and a new sports channel. King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia King Abdullah. Under his leadership the commission also investigated and punished some "out-of-control" officers for misbehaviour. This is a Fully Funded Internship will be Take place at King Abdullah University of Science & Technology. In the summer of 2003, Abdullah threw his considerable weight behind the creation of a national dialogue that brought leading religious figures together, including a highly publicized meeting attended by the kingdom's preeminent Shi'i scholar Hasan al-Saffar, as well as a group of Sunni clerics who had previously expressed their loathing for the Shi'i minority. It is estimated that more than 70,000 students studied abroad in more than 25 countries. Abdullatif Abdel Aziz al-Sheikh was named, in place of Sheikh Abdulaziz al-Humain, to head the Commission for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice. Wiki on Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. King Abdullah Street, Jeddah.jpg 1,197 × 643; 100 KB. He ascended to the throne on 1 August 2005 upon the death of his half-brother, King Fahd. Since King Abdullah's visit to Beijing in January 2006, the Saudi-Chinese relationship has focused predominantly on energy and trade. He pushed for Saudi membership in the World Trade Organization, surprising some. On 24 January 2007, Human Rights Watch sent an open letter to King Abdullah asking him to cease religious persecution of the Ahmadi faith in Saudi Arabia. In June 2008, he held a conference in Mecca to urge Muslim leaders to speak with one voice with Jewish and Christian leaders. The Guard, which was Abdullah's original power base, protects the royal family. He was married to Alanoud Al Fayez.He died on January 23, 2015 in Riyadh. He developed a new investment promotion agency to overhaul the once-convoluted process of starting a business in Saudi Arabia. This post allowed him to secure his position in the House of Saud. The lie is before you and the grave is in front of you! The official opening of the centre was in November 2012, with foreign Minister Saud Al Faisal as its first general secretary and Austria's former federal justice minister Claudia Bandion-Ortner as the first deputy general secretary. In April 2009, at a summit for world leaders U.S. President Barack Obama met him. Before becoming king, Prince Abdullah was thought to be completely against the U.S. invasion of Iraq; this, however, was not the case. Abdullah I, in full ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Ḥusayn, (born 1882, Mecca—died July 20, 1951, Jerusalem), statesman who became the first ruler (1946–51) of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. There have been intensive efforts to link Arab countries with a railway system and an electricity power grid. Inspirational Abdullah of Saudi Arabia Quotes In other words, after this appointment, Prince Abdullah became the number three-man in Saudi administration. In 1963, Abdullah was made commander of Saudi National Guard (SANG). King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. Corrections? He also married Jawahir bint Ali Hussein from Al Jiluwi clan, with whom he had a daughter, Princess Anoud and a son, Prince Saud. By April 1921, however, the British had decided that…, …Ḥusayn of Mecca, Fayṣal and ʿAbdullah, stirred up the Hejazi tribes against the Ottomans and, assisted by British supplies and liaison officers, including the famous T.E. However, his appointment caused friction in the House of Saud. He managed to group a large number of fringe and marginalized princes discontented with the prospect of the succession being passed among the Sudairi brothers one after the other. Omissions? As crown prince (1982–2005), he had served as the country’s de facto ruler following the 1995 stroke of his half-brother King Fahd (reigned 1982–2005). In May 2001, Crown Prince Abdullah did not accept an invitation to visit Washington due to U.S. support for Israel in the Second Intifada. The council's mandate was not to have started until after the reigns of both King Abdullah and late Prince Sultan were over. The King outlived two of his crown princes. In April 2002, Crown Prince Abdullah made a state visit to the United States with President George W. Bush and he returned again in April 2005 with Bush. King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, right, with Queen Elizabeth II, prior a state banquet at Buckingham Palace in London after the first day of the Saudi king's visit Tuesday Oct. 30, 2007. In the same cables, it was revealed that Abdullah also privately urged the United States to attack Iran to destroy its nuclear weapons program. In November 2009, King Abdullah was received by Nicolas Sarkozy, who committed various diplomatic faux pas. 1891: Al-Saud family takes exile in Kuwait. His strategy against terrorism has been two-pronged: he attacked the roots of the extremism that fed Al-Qaida through education and judicial reforms to weaken the influence of the most reactionary elements of Saudi Arabia's religious establishment. Study. However, other sources said that many Arab governments were only nominally opposed to the Iraq invasion because of popular hostility. Par ailleurs, à l'issue du ramadan, le roi Abdallah d'Arabie saoudite a rencontré dans son pays des représentants du gouvernement afghan et des talibans lors d'un petit déjeuner. The condition of Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz has been described as stable. The public participation of women in sport is still fiercely opposed by many Saudi religious conservatives. Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was the King of Saudi Arabia from 2005 to 2015 and the third wealthiest head of state in the world. In 2006, Iranian Supreme Leader Khamenei had sent his adviser Ali Akbar Velayati with a letter asking for King Abdullah's agreement to establish a formal back channel for communication between the two leaders. In turn, lucrative arm contracts were secretly offered to China by the Kingdom. He invested in educating the workforce for future jobs. During his reign he maintained close relations with United States and Britain and bought billions of dollars worth of defense equipment from both states. Prince Abdullah was pressured to concede control of SANG in return for his appointment as Second Deputy Prime Minister. The decree also instructed the Grand Mufti to identify eligible scholars. This reportedly occurred after Crown Prince Abdullah witnessed a brutality between an Israeli soldier and a Palestinian woman. In 2006, Abdullah set up the Allegiance Council, a body that is composed of the sons and grandsons of Saudi Arabia's founder, King Abdulaziz, to vote by a secret ballot to choose future kings and crown princes. Execution by public beheading is common for murder, rape, drug trafficking and witchcraft, and Abdullah's policies towards the rights of women have also been criticized. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Abdullah, like Fahd, was one of the many sons of Ibn Saud, the founder of modern Saudi Arabia. In September 2014 following the spread of ISIL, he issued a statement, "From the cradle of revelation and the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), I call on leaders and scholars of the Islamic nation to carry out their duty towards God Almighty, and to stand in the face of those trying to hijack Islam and present it to the world as a religion of extremism, hatred, and terrorism, and to speak the word of truth, and not fear anybody. He also appeared more eager than King Fahd to cut government spending and open Saudi Arabia up economically. He made the protection of Saudi Arabia's critical infrastructure a top security priority. He died on 23 January 2015, aged 90, three weeks after being hospitalized for pneumonia. Abdulaziz became the first king of Saudi Arabia in 1932. In July 2012, Saudi Arabia announced that it would allow its women athletes to compete in the Olympics for the first time and that the country's Olympic Committee would "oversee participation of women athletes who can qualify". Abdullah I, in full ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Ḥusayn, (born 1882, Mecca—died July 20, 1951, Jerusalem), statesman who became the first ruler (1946–51) of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Later during the 2011–2012 Saudi Arabian protests, in September 2011, the King announced women's right to vote in the 2015 municipal council elections, a first significant reform step in the country since the protests. Moreover, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia hosted a Ramadan breakfast for the Afghan government and Taliban representatives. A second son, Nayef, was passed over, and the throne soon went to Talal’s son Hussein. In 2005, King Abdullah implemented a government scholarship program to send young Saudi men and women to study abroad in different universities around the world for undergraduate and postgraduate studies. In August 2011, King Abdullah recalled the Saudi Ambassador from Damascus due to the political unrest in Syria and closed its embassy in Syria. ", By late 2003, after the Saudi Arabian branch of al-Qaeda carried out a series of bombings that threatened to destabilize the country, Crown Prince Abdullah together with other decision-making elites began to deal with political concerns. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Abdullah-I, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Abdullah I. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. King Abdullah supported renewed diplomatic relations with the Syrian government and Bashar al-Assad. The maximum punishments can be doubled for repeat offenders. King Khalid appointed Prince Abdullah as second deputy prime minister in March 1975, a reflection of being the second in line of succession to the Saudi throne. "Our disagreements don't cut to the bone", he stated. King Abdullah strived to develop Saudi Arabia into a model country so that people from all over the world may go there for earning their livelihood, he wanted to create a demesne whose administration and processes will be followed by the whole world. Saudi Arabia has announced the death of the mother of Prince Mutaib bin Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, state news agency SPA reported. The following year, he was appointed commander of the Saudi Arabian National Guard, a post he was still holding when he became king. King Abdullah called for the establishment of an Arab common market in January 2011. The funeral prayers will be held on Friday in the Kingdom’s capital, Riyadh, the Royal Court said. She was descended from the powerful Shammar tribe and was the daughter of former Shammar tribe chief Asi Shuraim. The initiative was adopted at the Arab League's Beirut summit in March 2002. Furthermore, King Abdullah believed that China as well as India were the future markets for Saudi energy. Abdullah with US Vice President Dan Quayle. Riyadh provided essential support to the United States during the war and proved that "necessity does lead to some accommodations from time to time". In October 1976, as Prince Abdullah was being trained for greater responsibility in Riyadh, he was sent to the United States to meet with President Gerald Ford. About us . He was the thirteenth son of Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, the father of modern Saudi Arabia. KAUST VSRP Internship is an International Internship for all Students from all over the world. Conservative Interior Minister Nayef bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud was named heir to the throne on the death of Sultan bin Abdulaziz in October 2011, but Nayef himself died in June 2012. In August 2013, the Saudi cabinet approved a law making domestic violence a criminal offence for the first time. Abdullah’s mother was Fahda bint Asi Al Shuraim, who descended from the Shammar tribe.
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